# Resistance Due to Starting and Accelerating

Trains face these resistances at stations when they start, accelerate, and decelerate. The values of these resistances are as follows:

Resistance on starting, R6 = 0.15 + 0.005 W2 (25.10)

Resistance due to acceleration, R7 = 0.028aW (25.11)

where W1 is the weight of the locomotive in tonnes, W2 is the weight of the vehicles in tonnes, W is the total weight of the locomotive and vehicle in tonnes, i.e. W1 + W2, and a is the acceleration, which can be calculated by finding the increase in velocity per unit time, i.e., (V2 - V1)/t, where V2 is the final velocity, V1 is the initial velocity, and t is the time taken.

Table 25.1 summarizes the various resistances faced by a train.

Table 25.1 Details of various resistances

Nature of resistance

Value of resistance

Remarks

Resistance due to friction (Rj)

0.0016W

Resistance independent of speed

# Resistance due to wave action

0.00008 WV

Resistance dependent on

track irregularities, and speed

(R)

speed

Resistance due to wind, or

0.0000006 WV2

Resistance dependent on

atmospheric resistance (R3)

square root of speed

W x % of slope 100

Resistance dependent on slope

Curve resistance for BG (R5)

0.0004WD

Resistance dependent on degree of curve

Resistance due to starting (R6)

0.15 Wj + 0.005 W2

Resistance dependent on weight

Resistance due to acceleration

0.028aW

Resistance dependent on

(R7)

weight and acceleration